Category Archives: Queen VIctoria

Children of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany and Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Prince Leopold was the eighth child and fourth son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.  He was born on 7th April 1853.at Buckingham Palace.  He suffered from the royal curse of haemophilia which led him to an early death at the age of thirty.  He married Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1861-1922) the daughter of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont  and Princess Helena of Nassau.

Prince Leopold

Prince Leopold

Helena, Duchess of Albany on her wedding day

Helena, Duchess of Albany on her wedding day

Together they had two children one boy and one girl.

First to be born was Princess Alice.  She was born on 25th February 1883 at Windsor Castle.  She married her second cousin once-removed Prince Alexander of Teck. whom she had three children with.  Due to the First World War and the relinquishing of German titles by British royals the family adopted the surname Cambridge.  Alexander was then made Earl of Athlone.

The first of the couples three children was Lady May Cambridge (1906-1994) who married Henry Abel Smith.  The second was Rupert Cambridge, Viscount Trematon (1907-1928) , died in a car crash.  The third child, Prince Maurice of Teck died within six months of his birth in 1910.

Princess Alice with her children May and Rupert

Princess Alice with her children May and Rupert

The Earl was made Governor-General of the Union of South Africa from 1924-1931.  At the beginning of the Second World War the Earl was appointed Governor General of Canada.  During the war many of Europe’s royal families sought refuge in Canada.  Among the royal quests were Crown Prince Olav and Crown Princess Martha of Norway, Grand Duchess Charlotte and Prince Felix of Luxembourg, King Peter of Yugoslavia, King George of Greece, Empress Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Austria) and her daughters as well as Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and her daughter Princess Juliana.

Princess Alice of Albany

Princess Alice of Albany

 

Alexander Cambridge, Earl of Athlone

Alexander Cambridge, Earl of Athlone

The Earl died in 1957 at Kensington Palace in London.  Princess Alice lived on until 1981.  She was the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria.  The funeral took place at St Georges Chapel at Windsor Castle.

The second child of Leopold and Helena was Prince Charles Edward who was born at Claremont House near Esher, Surrey in England.  The young Prince never met his father.  Leopold died on the 24th March 1884 in Cannes, France while Charles Edward was born 19th July in the same year.  Due to the death of his father he inherited his titles on birth and was styled His Royal Highness Duke of Albany.

He also inherited the ducal throne of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from his uncle Alfred in 1900 at the age of 16.  He made the Veste Coburg castle his main royal residence.  For the next five years he reigned through the regency of the Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.  The regent acted under the strict guidance of Emperor Wilhelm II until the Duke came of age in 1905 assuming full constitutional powers.

Carl_Eduard_Sachsen_Coburg_und_Gotha

Also in 1905 Charles Edward married Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein and they had five children; Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1906-1972), Princess Sibylla (1908-1972), Prince Hubertus (1909-1943), Princess Caroline Mathilde (1912-1983), Prince Friedrich Josias (1918-1998).

The Wedding of Charles Edward and Victoria Adelaide

The Wedding of Charles Edward and Victoria Adelaide

During the First World War Charles Edward chose the side of the Germans and his mentor Wilhelm II.  Due to this in 1919 his British titles of Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence and Baron of Arklow were now officially removed.

In 1918 the Workers and Soldiers Council of Gotha deposed him and on the 23rd November he signed a declaration relinquishing his rights to the throne.  In 1935 he joined the Nazi Party and became a member of the Sturmabteilung (Storm Detachment), which functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party.  In 1936 Adolf Hitler sent Charles Edward to Britain as president of the Anglo-German Friendship Society to try and improve Anglo-German sentiments.  During his time there he attended the funeral of his first cousin George V in the uniform of a General in the German Army.

Charles Edward with Adolf Hitler

Charles Edward with Adolf Hitler

At the end of the Second World War, he was put under house arrested by American soldiers under the command of General George S Paton.  He was later imprisoned with other Nazi sympathisers and at this point his sister Princess Alice hearing of his imprisonment travelled to Germany to plead for his release, she was unsuccessful.  He was later sentenced by a denazification court, heavily fined and almost bankrupted.

The last years of his life were spent in seclusion, dying in his flat in Elasser Strasse on 6th March 1954 in Coburg.  At the time he was the eldest of only two surviving grandsons of Queen Victoria

 

 

Princess Victoria Eugenie and the curse of haemophilia

Victoria Eugenie 1As I mentioned in my last piece regarding the sons of Prince Henry of Battenberg and Princess Beatrice, daughter to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, the story of Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena was quite a story on its own.

The first half of the twentieth century seemed to be quite a dangerous time for some of the granddaughters of Victoria and the royal curse of haemophilia

Victoria Eugenie known to the family and British public as Ena was no different and below I want to tell her story.

Victoria Eugenie was born on the 24th October 1887 at Balmoral Castle to Prince Henry of Battenberg and Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom. She spent most of her childhood between Balmoral, Osborne House and Windsor Castle. As part of Victoria’s agreement for her daughter Beatrice to marry Henry she had to stay as her full time companion and personal secretary which meant Victoria Eugenie would spent a lot of her time as a child in Victoria’s household.

Victoria Eugenie was bridesmaid to Mary of Teck in her wedding to the future King George V in 1893. In 1896 her father died and in 1901 Queen Victoria herself also died. After this the Battenberg’s took up residence in Kensington Palace, London.

In 1905 King Alfonso XIII of Spain made an official visit to the United Kingdom and King Edward VII hosted a dinner at Buckingham Palace in his honour. It was known that Alfonso was looking for a suitable wife. It was thought that Princess Patricia, another of Edward VII’s nieces was the most suitable match for Alfonso but she was unimpressed by his advances and then his attention turned to Victoria Eugenie.

On his return to Spain Alfonso he wrote to Victoria Eugenie sending her numerous post cards. His mother Maria Christina didn’t approve of his interest in the British princess preferring for her son to marry from her own Habsburg family from Austria. There was also the issue of religion. Spain was a Roman Catholic country and Victoria Eugenie came from a Protestant background. The royal curse of haemophilia was also a concern.

This did not stop Alfonso and he would not be held back from his continued attention to the British princess and after about a year of communication and rumours about who Alfonso would marry, his mother finally caved in and agreed to the marriage. She wrote to Princess Beatrice telling her about the love her son had for Victoria Eugenie and things then moved quickly and a couple of days later at Windsor King Edward congratulated his niece on her future engagement.

Victoria Eugenie 2

Princess Beatrice and Princess Victoria Eugenie travelled to Biarritz on 22nd January 1906 and stayed at the Villa Mauriscot. Alfonso arrived, a couple of days later and spent three days chaperoned getting to know Victoria Eugenie more. Alfonso then took both Victoria Eugenie and her mother to San Sebastian to meet Maria Christina. On the 3rd February he left them to travel to Madrid while the two princess left for Versailles to be instructed in the Roman Catholic faith as would be required for her to be the future Queen of Spain.

King Alfonso XIII and Princess Victoria Eugenie married on 31st May 1906 at the Royal Monastery of San Jeronimo.   The wedding didn’t go without a hitch as an assignation attempt took place. Mateu Morral threw a bomb at the the royal carriage. Victoria Eugenie turned at the same time the bomb was thrown to look at St Mary’s church in the city centre which Alfonso was pointing out to her. This action is believed to have saved her although her dress was splattered with blood from a Guard who was riding alongside the carriage. Fifteen people died. There is a statue to the victims of the bombing at the front of the Royal Monastery of San Jeronimo.

The couple’s first child was Alfonso, Prince of Asturias who was born 10th May 1907. This gained Victoria Eugenie some favour with her new people, to which her early relationship was quite strained. Doctors though on carrying out the new Prince’s circumcision noted that he did not stop bleeding showing that he had inherited the dreaded haemophilia.

King Alfonso never forgave his Queen for this fact. There youngest son also had haemophilia. The couple went on to have seven children in total, five boys and two girls. Once all the children were born the relationship between the couple went even sourer and Alfonso is believed to have had numerous affairs fathering several illegitimate children.

Victoria Eugenie devoted herself to working in hospitals and services for the poor. She was heavily involved in the reorganisation of the Spanish Red Cross. In 1929 in Barcelona a statue was raised to her in nurse’s uniform in recognition of the work she had done. The statue no longer stands and has since been destroyed.

In 1931 the whole Spanish Royal family went into exile after elections brought Republicans to power across many major cities and the proclamation of the 2nd Spanish Republic. The family went at first to France before later moving to Italy. Later Alfonso and Victoria Eugenie separated and she started to spend more time in the United Kingdom before she settled on the chateau Vielle Fontaine outside Lausanne, Switzerland.

The whole family though were brought together again in Rome for the baptism of her grandson Juan Carlos in 1938. On 15th January 1941 Alfonso XIII felling that death was close transferred his rights to the Spanish crown to their son Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona. The feeling Alfonso had was true and he suffered a heart attack on 12th February and died sixteen days later.

In 1942 living in Italy Victoria Eugenie was asked to leave for being ‘persona non grata’ to the Italian government. According to Harold Tittmann, a US representative to the Vatican at the time the reason for this was Victoria Eugenie’s ill disguised feelings of support for the Allied armies during the Second World War.

She did return briefly to Spain to stand as godmother to her great grandson Infante Felipe in February 1968. Felipe was the son of Infante Juan Carlos and Princess Sophia of Denmark and Greece. Felipe became King of Spain in June 2014 after the abdication of his father.

Victoria Eugenie 3

Victoria died back in Lausanne on 15th April 1969 aged 81 years old. It was exactly 38 years after she had left Spain in exile. As well as her great grandson being King of Spain her other godchildren include; Albert, Prince of Monaco; Queen Fabiola of Belgium and Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba.

She came from a generation and family that spread right across Europe and could include King of United Kingdom, Queen of Norway, Empress of Russia, Queen of Romania, Emperor of Germany, Queen of Sweden and Queen of Greece all as first cousins.

The sons of Prince Henry of Battenberg and Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom

Princess Beatrice was the youngest daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of the United Kingdom. She married Prince Henry of Battenberg. They had four children, Alexander, Victoria Eugenie, Leopold and Maurice. This piece will be about the three boys with a further piece will be about Victoria Eugenie who went on to become Queen of Spain.

Alexander Mountbatten, Marquess of Carisbrooke.

Alexander Mountbatten as he would later become was born Prince Alexander Albert of Battenberg, on the 23rd November 1886 at Windsor Castle, Berkshire in England. He was the eldest son of Prince Henry and Princess Beatrice.

He was educated at Stubbington House and Wellington College before going on to join the Royal Navy in 1902. He served until 1908 and in 1910 joined an exclusive dining club called the Castaways Club. This club was for former junior officers who wished to stay in contact after leaving the Navy. He was in good company as the current Duke of Edinburgh; Price Philip was also a member as was also Prince Charles the current Prince of Wales.

After serving in the Navy he transferred to the Army serving in the Grenadier Guards. On 15th August 1913 he became a 2nd Lieutenant and in 1915 reached the rank of Captain. In 1917 Alexander was authorised to wear the insignia of the Russian Order of St Vladimir fourth class with Swords. On 19th November 1919 he resigned his commission.

Alexander of Battenberg (later Alexander Mountbatten), Marquess of Carisbrooke

During the First World War a lot of anti-German sentiment grew in Great Britain and because of this the British Royal family relinquished their German titles and changed their names. Battenberg changed to Mountbatten. This was when Alexander was given the titles of Marquess of Carisbrooke, Earl of Berkampsted and Viscount Launceston.

Alexander also got married in 1917 to Lady Irene Adza Denison (1890-1956) daughter of the 2nd Earl of Londesborough and Lady Grace Adelaide Fane. They married at the Chapel Royal in St James Palace, London. Alexander and Lady Irene had one daughter together, Lady Iris Mountbatten born in 1920.

After the First World War he started life as an ordinary clerk in the offices of Lazard Brothers, the bankers. Later he would become a director of Lazard Brothers.

Early in the Second World War he joined the RAF where he served as a staff officer attached to Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory before moving to Fighter Command Headquarters.

After the war he lived in Kings Cottage overlooking Kew Garderns before moving on to Kensington Palace.

Alexander died in 1960 aged 73 at Kensington Palace and was buried in the Battenberg Chapel, St Mildred’s Church, Whippngham on the Isle of Wight. The title Marquess of Carisbrooke became extinct upon his death. At his death he was the last surviving grandson of Queen Victoria.

Lord Leopold Mountbatten

Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg was born on the 21st May 1889 at Windsor Castle and was the second son to Prince Henry and Princess Beatrice. As with the other British Royals at the time he relinquished his German title in 1917 and changed his name from Battenberg to Mountbatten.

Leopold became Sir Leopold Mountbatten due to him being a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order until by a Royal Warrant in September 1917 he was granted the style and precedence of the younger son of a Marquess and became Lord Leopold Mountbatten.

Leopold Mountbatten

Unfortunately Leopold was blighted by the royal curse of haemophilia which he inherited from his mother. He died on 23rd April 1922 aged just 32 during a hip operation. He is buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore and a memorial tablet to him and his brother Maurice is in Winchester Cathedral.

Prince Maurice of Battenberg

Maurice Victor Donald was the third son of Prince Henry and Princess Beatrice and the youngest of Queen Victoria’s grandchildren. He was names Maurice after his great-grandfather Count Maurice von Hauke, Victor after his maternal grandmother and Donald because he was born at Balmoral Castle. He was born on 3rd October 1891 and is said to have been the closest of the four siblings to resemble his father’s looks.

prince maurice of battenburg

His father died when he was aged just four, which is the same age at which his mother lost her father Prince Albert. He was educated at Lockers Prep School in Hertfordshire before going on to study at Wellington College. He then took his place in the British Army.

He served as a Lieutenant in the Kings Royal Rifle Corps. During the First Battle of Ypres he was mortally wounded by shrapnel and died on the field of battle before his men could lead him to safety.  He is buried in Ypres Town Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery.

As he died before the relinquishment of the German titles by the British Royal family he was always known by his German title Prince of Battenberg even though he fought on the side of the British.

prince maurice grave

Children of Victoria, Princess Royal and Frederick III, German Emperor and King of Prussia – Wilhelm II, from grandson to exile.

Victoria, The Princess Royal (21st November 1840 – 5th August 1901) was the eldest child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Prince Albert.  She married Frederick III (18th October 1831 – 15th June 1888) at St James Palace in London. Victoria and Albert had long looked at maintaining the strong German blood line within their children’s marriages and as early as 1851 the paid had planned the marriage of Victoria to Frederick.  The match was also favoured by King Leopold I of Belgium, Queen Victoria’s uncle.  Frederick’s father Prince Willhelm (future German Emperor and King of Prussia) was said to have preferred a Russian Grand Duchess as a daughter-in-law instead.  Princess Augusta the mother of Frederick, was said to although favour the match sending Frederick to England in 1851 to attend the Great Exhibition where Albert took him under his wing, and the young Victoria as his guide.

The pair married on 25th January 1858 with Victoria only aged 17 and to mark the occasion Frederick was raised to the rank of Major-General in the Prussian army.  The couple often resided at the Crown Prince’s Palace in Berlin, following William’s succession to the German throne.   They then had eight children.

In this piece I am going to give an overview of their eldest child.

Wilhelm with his grandmother, Queen Victoria in 184

Wilhelm with his grandmother, Queen Victoria in 1864

Wilhelm II, German Emperor, King of Prussia, was born 27th January 1859 at the Crown Prince’s Palace in Berlin.  Wilhelm suffered from Erb’s palsy which meant he that his left arm was 6 inches shorter than his right arm.  Quite often in photos he would be holding something in his left hand to try and make it look like it was longer.  In his early 20’s Wilhelm was used as a political pawn by Otto von Bismarck (at different points the Chancellor of Germany and Prime Minister of Prussia).  Bismarck attempted with some success to disengage Wilhelm from his parents in an attempt to regain political favour against the royal couple.  Bismarck managed this with some success and in April 1889 Wilhelm is to have angrily outburst ‘English doctor’s killed my father, and an English noxious doctor crippled my arm – which is the fault of my English mother.’

Wilhelm married Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein on 27th February 1881 and remained married for forty years till Augusta’s death.  They would seven children, six boys and one girl. On the 9th March 1888 Wilhelm I died in Berlin and Frederick III was pronounced German Emperor.  Wilhelm’s father was already suffering from a throat cancer and would spend only 99 days on the throne before passing away on 15th June 1888 and the 29 year old Wilhelm took succeeded as German Emperor and King of Prussia.

Wilhelm with his family

Wilhelm with his family

Wilhelm in 1902

Wilhelm in 1902

With being a grandson of Queen Victoria, Wilhelm was first cousin to George V of Great Britain and Ireland, as well as Queens Maria of Romania, Maud of Norway, and  Victoria Eugenie of Spain, as well as Empress Alexandria of Russia.  He fell out with his younger sister when she married Constance I of Greece converting to Greek Orthodoxy.  He craved acceptance from his grandmother and she it is said tolerated him with courtesy and tact, but his other British relatives thought of him as obnoxious and arrogant.  His relationship of Edward VII, while he was still Prince of Wales was often stretched.  Wilhelm would try and show himself as superior because he was German Emperor when his uncle ‘Bertie’ was still only a Prince and heir to the throne.  On hearing that Queen Victoria was dying he rushed to be by her bedside at Osborne House, and was their when she died and remained and attended her funeral.  He also attended the funeral if Edward VII.

Wilhelm was a friend of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and was deeply shocked after the assassination of the Archduke in Sarajevo on 28th June 1914.  The assassination would go on to spark the beginning of the greatest conflict the world has ever seen, World War I.  Wilhelm offered support to the Austro-Hungarian Empire in trying to squash the secret organisation ‘The Black Hnad’ who carried out the assassination and even sanction the use of force by Austria against Serbia in retaliation

Wilhelm tried to keep up to date with the crisis by telegram whilst on his annual cruise of the North Sea and when he heard that an Austrian-Hungarian ultimatum had been delivered to Serbia he rushes back to Berlin.  Austrian generals had already convinced 84 year old Franz Joseph I of Austria to sign a declaration of war on Serbia.  This led to Russia beginning a general mobilization of its army to come to Serbia’s aid if Austria attacked.  On the night of 30th July 1914 when Russia stated it would not cancel its mobilization Wilhelm wrote.

..For I no longer have any doubt that England, Russia and France have agreed among themselves—knowing that our treaty obligations compel us to support Austria—to use the Austro-Serb conflict as a pretext for waging a war of annihilation against us… Our dilemma over keeping faith with the old and honorable Emperor has been exploited to create a situation which gives England the excuse she has been seeking to annihilate us with a spurious appearance of justice on the pretext that she is helping France and maintaining the well-known Balance of Power in Europe, i.e., playing off all European States for her own benefit against us.

A further comment of Wilhelm’s showed how still even after her death he held Queen  Victoria is such high regard.

To think that George and Nicky should have played me false! If my grandmother had been alive, she would never have allowed it

Wilhelm with von Hinderburg and Ludendorff

Wilhelm with von Hinderburg and Ludendorff

During World War I, Wilhelm’s power began to decrease as the Empire became more of a military dictatorship under Field Marshall Paul von Hinderburg and General Erich Ludendorff.  The military leaders would always consult Wilhelm on political appointments with Wilhelm giving the final answer but more and more he was being more easily persuaded to go along with Hinderburg and Ludendorff’s suggestions.  This was to be seen in 1917 when Ludendorff suggested that they replaced the German Chancellor Erich von Falkenhayn with Georg Michaellis.  Wilhelm was unsure of Michaellis and didn’t know much about him, but accepted the suggestion.

Wilhelm was at military headquarters in Spa, Belgium when uprisings in Berlin started towards the end of the war, late in 1918.  Wilhelm was in decisive and could not decide whether or not his abdication would benefit the German people.  He did believe although he would have to surrender the imperial crown he would manage to keep hold of the kingship of Prussia.  Trouble and revolutionary activity continued to grow and due to this his abdication to both titles was read by Chancellor Prince Max of Baden on the 9th November 1918 as American President Woodrow Wilson made it clear that Wilhelm could no longer be part of any peace negotiations.  World War I ended two days later.

On the 10th November 1918, the private citizen of the German Empire Wilhelm Hohenzollern crossed the border and went into exile in the Netherlands.  Article 227 of the Treaty of Versailles called for the prosecution of Wilhelm ‘for a supreme offence against international morality and sanctity of treaties, but Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands would not extradite him.  George V pushed even calling his cousin ‘the greatest criminal in history’ but did oppose Prime Minister David Lloyd George’s proposal to ‘hang the Kaiser’.  President Woodrow Wilson backed Wilhelmina saying that the whole balance of peace could be destroyed by punishing Wilhelm for waging war.

Wilhelm first settled in Amerongen, where on the 28th November he issued a formal statement of abdication, ending the Hohenzollerns’ 400 year rule in Prussia.  He purchased a country house in Doorn, Netherlands known as Huis Doorn, moving in on 15th May 1919.  In 1922, Wilhelm then published the first volume of his memoirs.  He continued to live in Doorn entertaining guests, some of some standing.  He liked to keep up to date with European politics and also learnt the Dutch language. His second wife Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz (Empress Augusta died on 11th April 1921) petitioned the Nazi party during the 1930’s in hope that they would support the return of Wilhelm in Germany.  However, Adolf Hitler saw Wilhelm as the man who was to blame for Germany’s greatest defeat.

Wilhelm in 1933

Wilhelm in 1933

Wilhelm greatly admired the success of Hitler at the beginning of World War II, and sent a telegram congratulating him on the fall of Paris, ‘Congratulations, you have won using my troops.’  In 1940 after the Nazi conquest of the Netherlands Wilhelm retired altogether from public life.  In May of that year he rejected an offer from Winston Churchill for him to take up asylum in England, preferring to spend the last of his days at Huis Droorn.

On the 3rd June 1941 at Huis Droorn, Wilhelm died of a pulmonary embolus, aged 82.  Hitler wanted the body brought back for a state funeral seeing Wilhelm as a symbol of Germanic pride and as a further symbol of how Germany had moved from the Kaiserreich to the Third Reich.  Wilhelm’s request not to re-enter Germany until the monarchy was restored were respected and a small military funeral took place with only a few hundred people and he was buried in a mausoleum in the grounds of Huis Droorn.

I started writing this at the beginning as a snippet of each of Victoria and Frederick’s children, and as I continued to write I started to understand that Wilhelm was of more vast an importance to only try and fit his life into a few hundred words.  He began life as Queen Victoria’s first grandchild, followed it with succession to the Imperial crown in Germany, led one of the major players in the greatest conflict of all time, ending in exile with his beloved Germany at war again.  Wilhelm II, the last of the monarch of Germany.

Wilhelm's mausoleum at Huis Droorn

Wilhelm’s mausoleum at Huis Droorn

Pictures of Queen Victoria’s children


I’m keeping with a modern theme as  I have changed the angle slightly and am working my way back at the moment.  I’m fascinated how the German and British Royal families stayed so interlinked and continued to get closer and closer after the Hanoverians took the throne.

Victoria, Princess Royal.

Edward VII

Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, 1846


Coronation portrait by Luke Fildes

Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine


Alfred, Duke of Sax-Colburg and Gotha

Princess Helena,  of Schleswig-Holstein

Princess Helena (right) with her brother Prince Alfred. Helena was Alfred’s favourite sister.

Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll

Princess Louise in the 1860s

Princess Louise as a widow, painted by the society portraitist Philip de László in 1915

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught

The Duke wearing the Victorian concept of traditional Scottish clothing, c. 1875 – 1880

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

Princess Beatrice, of Battenberg

Princess Beatrice in 1868

 

List of Queen Victoria’s children and the Royal families they married into

I have struggled recently with time and tiredness because of my condition Myasthenia Gravis that has meant that I haven’t been awake enough to concentrate to write. Still I feel quite tired during the day especially after work and have really struggled. Most weekend days where the opportunity presents itself I have a sleep in the afternoon just to get by, but I won’t be beaten and here I am coming up a little modern than the recent postings.

Something I am finding regarding this blog is that it has so much scope that at times I am overwhelmed by the amount of different ways and paths that I can try and follow.  At times I wish I had specific period that I really loved and could get my teeth in but I love them all.  I think at the moment then this is going to continue to be a mishmash of different periods, different dynasties, and different countries as I continue to pick away at things that spring to my attention at the time.

So here we are at Queen Victoria, and her nine children that I want to go through and list where they married into within Europe.  I think this generation and the next really some up my original thoughts regarding the monarchy within Europe and how it so easily and quickly becomes interlinked.  Especially amount Victoria’s children and reading further down you can see how we can go from Queen of Great Britain to heads of many different European countries within fifty years.

First we have Victoria, the Princess Royal (21/11/1840-5/08/1901), she married Frederick the Crown Prince of Germany and Prussia, and they later went on to become Emperor and Empress of Germany and King and Queen of Prussia.  They had four sons and four daughters who included Wilhelm II, Germany Emperor and King of Prussia and also Sophia the Queen of Greece.

Albert Edward the Prince of Wales (9/11/1841-6/5/1910) who went on to become King Edward VII of Great Britain and Ireland married Princess Alexandria of Denmark.  They had three sons and three daughters, who included the future King George V and Maud the future Queen of Norway.

Princess Alice, (25/4/1843-14/12/1878) married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.  Within their seven children was Alexandra, Empress of Russia.

Prince Alfred, (6/8/1844-31/7/1900) Duke of Saxe-Colburg and Gotha, Duke of Edinburgh married Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia and one of their daughters went on to become Marie, Queen of Romania.

Princess Helena, (25/5/1846-9/6/1923) married Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.

Princess Louise, (18/3/1848-3/12/1939) married John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquis of Lorne and 9th Duke of Argyll.  He later went on to become the Governor-General of Canada.

Prince Arthur, (1/5/1850-16/1/1942) Duke of Connaught and Strathearn also later Governor-General of Canada married Princess Louisa of Prussia.

Prince Leopold, (7/4/1853-28/3/1884) Duke of Albany married Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont.

Princess Beatrice, (14/4/1857-26/10/1944) married Prince Henry of Battenberg, one of their daughters went on to become Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain.

And that I believe is only scratching the surface.  From what has taken me as quick as thirty minutes to quickly look into I have found that within two generations we have at least, from one person the future royalty within many different states of Germany, Greece, Norway, Romania and Spain.  This just backs up my original thought when I very first started writing this blog earlier this year and has now set the flame alight to continue to find out exactly how intertwined the royal families of Europe were.

Prince Albert, Queen Victoria and their nine children, 1857. Left to right: Alice, Arthur, The Prince Consort, The Prince of Wales, Leopold, Louise, Queen Victoria with Beatrice, Alfred, Victoria and Helena